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observing aids

any content that aids in observing practices

VLF Station List

VERY LOW FREQUENCY (VLF) RADIO STATIONS
                                     
           Station            Station     Frequency        Radiated
             Site               ID          (kHz)            Power
                                                             (kW)
  U.S. Navy                     
       Cutler, ME                NAA          24.0            1000
       Jim Creek, WA             NLK          24.8             250
       Lualualei, HI             NPM          21.4             566
       LaMoure, ND               NML          25.2             500

The Zurich Classification System of Sunspot Groups

The Zurich Classification System of Sunspot Groups

Contributed by Tom Fleming (FLET)

 

"A" Type: One or more tiny spots that do not demonstrate bi-polarity or exhibit penumbra.

sunspota.jpg
 

"B" Type: Two or more tiny spots that demonstrate bi-polarity but do not exhibit penumbra.

sunspotb.jpg

 

 

 

 

Accuracy and Consistency in the Production of the American Sunspot Number (Ra)

Addendum

ACCURACY AND CONSISTENCY IN THE PRODUCTION OF THE AMERICAN SUNSPOT NUMBER (Ra)

Contributed by Carl E. Feehrer (FEEC)

Guidelines for new solar observers

Guidelines for New Solar Observers

  • Do not look directly at the sun without the protection offered by a filter. For naked eye viewing, a piece of #14 welder's glass provides adequate protection. Do not use overexposed film, dark glasses, or other media that are not designed specifically for solar viewing.

Useful links for new solar observers

A vast amount of useful and informative material relating to the appearance of the sun at different wavelengths, visual and instrumental observation, and analyses and records of sunspot data are available via the Internet. The list below is intended to provide the new observer with some initial points of contact with this resource. Some entries in the list present the full address required to get to a specific display or table.

Atmospheric seeing conditions for solar observing

Atmospheric Seeing Conditions

Contributed by Tom Fleming (FLET)

Reports and observations submitted to the AAVSO use the following ratings for atmospheric turbulence (Seeing): Poor, Fair, Good and Excellent.

Obtaining your PEP epsilon(V) coefficient

Making Observations for Obtaining Epsilon-V Coefficient Using the Two-Star Method

Preliminaries

Assuming you have a suitable photoelectric photometry system (telescope and photometer), you will also need the following:

Pages

AAVSO 49 Bay State Rd. Cambridge, MA 02138 aavso@aavso.org 617-354-0484