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Variable Star Observations in Database:

31,310,299 and Counting ...
Last Observation Received:

54 sec ago by LOCA - Oliver Lopez (VE)

MM ORI   Jan 25.1764   14.763TG   


Stellar News Feed

Loneliest Young Star Seen by Spitzer and WISE

The lone star's behavior has similarities to FU Orionis, a young outbursting star that had an initial three-month outburst in 1936-7. But CX330 is more compact, hotter and likely more massive than the FU Orionis-like objects known. The more isolated star launches faster "jets," or outflows of material that slam into the gas and dust around it.

Chandra Finds Evidence for Violent Stellar Merger

Astronomers think that some GRBs are the product of the collision and merger of twoneutron stars or a neutron star and a black hole. The new research gives the best evidence to date that such collisions will generate a very narrow beam, or jet, of gamma rays. If such a narrow jet is not pointed toward Earth, the GRB produced by the collision will not be detected.

V5852 Sgr: An Unusual Nova Possibly Associated with the Sagittarius Stream

We report spectroscopic and photometric follow-up of the peculiar nova V5852~Sgr (discovered as OGLE-2015-NOVA-01), which exhibits a combination of features from different nova classes. The photometry shows a flat-topped light curve with quasi-periodic oscillations, then a smooth decline followed by two fainter recoveries in brightness. Spectroscopy with the Southern African Large Telescope shows first a classical nova with an Fe II or Fe IIb spectral type. In the later spectrum, broad emissions from helium, nitrogen and oxygen are prominent and the iron has faded which could be an indication to the start of the nebular phase. The line widths suggest ejection velocities around 1000kms−1. The nova is in the direction of the Galactic bulge and is heavily reddened by an uncertain amount. The V magnitude 16 days after maximum enables a distance to be estimated and this suggests that the nova may be in the extreme trailing stream of the Sagittarius dwarf spheroidal galaxy. If so it is the first nova to be detected from that, or from any dwarf spheroidal galaxy. Given the uncertainty of the method and the unusual light curve we cannot rule out the possibility that it is in the bulge or even the Galactic disk behind the bulge.

Authors: E. Aydi, P. Mróz, P. A. Whitelock, S. Mohamed, Ł. Wyrzykowski, A. Udalski, P. Vaisanen, T. Nagayama, M. Dominik, A. Scholz, H. Onozato, R. E. Williams, S. T. Hodgkin, S. Nishiyama, M. Yamagishi, A. M. S. Smith, T. Ryu, A. Iwamatsu, I. Kawamata

Read the pre-print on arXiv 



Stellar cannibalism transforms star into brown dwarf

An international team of astronomers made the discovery by observing a very faint binary system, J1433 which is located 730 light-years away. The system consists of a low-mass object – about 60 times the mass of Jupiter – in an extremely tight 78-minute orbit around a white dwarf (the remnant of a star like our Sun).

Due to their close proximity, the white dwarf strips mass from its low-mass companion. This process has removed about 90 per cent of the mass of the companion, turning it from a star into a brown dwarf.

Most brown dwarfs are ‘failed stars’, objects that were born with too little mass to shine brightly by fusing hydrogen in their cores. By contrast, the brown dwarf in this system was born as a full-fledged star, but has been stripped to its current mass by billions of years of stellar cannibalism.

Read the full story at University of Southhampton News


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