We report on the search for new eclipsing white dwarf plus main-sequence (WDMS) binaries in the light curves of the Catalina surveys. We use a colour selected list of almost 2000 candidate WDMS systems from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, specifically designed to identify WDMS systems with cool white dwarfs and/or early M type main-sequence stars. We identify a total of 17 eclipsing systems, 14 of which are new discoveries. We also find 3 candidate eclipsing systems, 2 main-sequence eclipsing binaries and 22 non-eclipsing close binaries. Our newly discovered systems generally have optical fluxes dominated by the main-sequence components, which have earlier spectral types than the majority of previously discovered eclipsing systems. We find a large number of ellipsoidally variable binaries with similar periods, near 4 hours, and spectral types M2--3, which are very close to Roche-lobe filling. We also find that the fraction of eclipsing systems is lower than found in previous studies and likely reflects a lower close binary fraction among WDMS binaries with early M-type main-sequence stars due to their enhanced angular momentum loss compared to fully convective late M type stars, hence causing them to become cataclysmic variables quicker and disappear from the WDMS sample. Our systems bring the total number of known detached, eclipsing WDMS binaries to 71.
Authors: S. G. Parsons, C. Agurto-Gangas, B. T. Gaensicke, A. Rebassa-Mansergas, M. R. Schreiber, T. R. Marsh, V. S. Dhillon, S. P. Littlefair, A. J. Drake, M. C. P. Bours, E. Breedt, C. M. Copperwheat, L. K. Hardy, C. Buisset, P. Prasit, J. J. Ren
Interacting double white dwarf binaries can give rise to a wide variety of astrophysical outcomes ranging from faint thermonuclear and Type Ia supernovae to the formation of neutron stars and stably accreting AM Canum Venaticorum systems. One key factor affecting the final outcome is whether mass transfer remains dynamically stable or instead diverges, leading to the tidal disruption of the donor and the merger of the binary. It is typically thought that for low ratios of the donor mass to the accretor mass, mass transfer remains stable, especially if accretion occurs via a disk. In this Letter, we examine disk-accreting binaries with extremely low mass ratios and find that the initial phase of hydrogen-rich mass transfer leads to a classical nova-like outburst on the accretor. Dynamical friction within the expanding nova shell shrinks the orbit and causes the mass transfer rate to increase dramatically above the accretor's Eddington limit, resulting in a binary merger. While further calculations are necessary to confirm this outcome for the entire range of binaries previously thought to be dynamically stable, it appears likely that most, if not all, interacting double white dwarf binaries will merge during the course of their evolution.
This star – called KIC 5520878 – is a type of periodic variable star known as an "RRc Lyrae" variable. It pulsates at a large number of frequencies that are all related to two frequencies – f1 and f2 – that have a golden ratio. The golden ratio or "golden mean" is an irrational number that has significance in geometry, biology and art. Its presence in a dynamical system can mean that the system behaves as a "strange non-chaotic attractor". In this case, "strange" means that the system can be characterized as fractal, and "non-chaotic" means that the dynamics falls in the middle ground between order and chaos.
IRAS 15103-5754 stands out because it has been observed that the velocity of the material inside the jet increases in proportion to the distance from the central star. "Water molecules are generally destroyed soon after the planetary nebula is formed, and in the rare cases where a maser emission has been detected, the velocity has always been very low”, says Luis F. Miranda (IAA-CSIC, University of Vigo). “In IRAS 15103-5754 we are seeing for the first time a water maser emission at velocities of hundreds of kilometers per second. We are witnessing the transition of a star into a planetary nebula in real time".
“The high velocity can only be explained by the occurrence of an explosion”.