for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138
During the fall of 1985,
when family, friends, students and colleagues of Harlow Shapley all assembled
to celebrate the centennial of his birth, they often commented on how much his
wife, Martha Betz Shapley, supported his career in astronomy as well as her
own. Unfortunately, Mrs. Shapley's contributions to science, to her family, and
to the extended observatory family were frequently overshadowed by her
husband's. Therefore, this paper will examine her mathematical work of
calculating elements for eclipsing binary systems and her managerial work of
caring for her own and for the observatory family. To date, sources for this
paper include a published biographical sketch by Zdenek Kopal, an unpublished
manuscript by Jacqueline Kloss, an informal discussion with Mrs. Fletcher
Watson, an unpublished typescript by Prof. Charles Whitney of his recent
interview with Dr. Luigi Jacchia, and the catalogue and papers that Mrs.
Shapley published on eclipsing binary sytems.